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For Those Who Believe the Worst About the Supreme Court:

The Supreme Court today issued a 5-4 opinion with O'Connor in the majority (the first this Term, I think). The opinion holds that state sovereign immunity does not prevent a bankruptcy trustee's suit against a state agency. This may sound dry (and it is), but state sovereign immunity has been a hugely contentious issue in the Court in recent years, with virtually every case decided 5-4 -- usually with O'Connor joining Rehnquist, Scalia, Kennedy, and Thomas. This time she joined Stevens, Souter, Ginsburg, and Breyer, and the other four (including Roberts) were in dissent. So there's a nontrivial chance that, had the opinion been held up just another week or so, the case would have come out 5-4 the other way.

I highlight this because some might have been inclined to assume that justices on the losing side of a 5-4 with O'Connor in the majority would strategically delay the completion of their dissent so that they could, with any luck, get a different result with Alito. After all, that's what we would expect legislators to do.

I suppose that cynics will suggest that the dissenters allowed this case to be released precisely to create this favorable impression among the citizenry/cognoscenti, but that seems farfetched. Less improbable is the possibility that their intended audience was their colleagues -- e.g., that they allowed this case to be released because they wanted to hold up another case and used the release of this case to show their colleagues on the Court that they were not acting entirely in bad faith. But I think the odds of that explanation being true are pretty slim. Very likely the real explanation is that they acted honorably, sticking to their normal schedule.

The case is Central Virginia Community College v. Katz.

Jack John (mail):
Does it matter? This kind of case could come before the court again very easily, and Steven's opinion is full of holes. Maybe they wanted to ensure that more litigation of this kind would come before the court by demonstrating the issue was live.
1.23.2006 1:45pm
WB:
Whoa! Where'd you come from?!

Good point, though. Those who disagree might say that the dissenters just decided that this wasn't the battle to fight. If other cases are held over, they'll point to those.

I think that people speculate about the closed-door machinations of the Supreme Court because it's a lot more fun than the pedestrian explanation that an opinion was released when it was "because that's when it was ready."
1.23.2006 2:13pm
Anderson (mail) (www):
I think Stuart is right. The Court's level of collegiality would have to be degraded a whole lot before anyone would start playing such games.

If anything, it's a good statement of judicial independence: while a justice is serving, the fact that she has a successor in the pipeline means diddly-squat.
1.23.2006 5:18pm
Edward A. Hoffman (mail):
If the decision was delayed, wouldn't the result be a 4-4 tie instead of a 5-4 decision the other way? In other words, will Justice Alito be allowed to vote on cases which were argued before he joined the Court? If he will, I don't see how he is going to get caught up on them while also digesting those yet to be argued.
1.23.2006 9:28pm
Craig C. (mail):
Anything that is 4-4 after O'Connor leaves will likely be put over to next term and reargued with Alito on the bench; then he would vote on it after reargument.
1.25.2006 5:30am