Citation Trivia Question:

There are many federal courts for C___ (e.g., for the Central District of California), some for D___ (e.g., for the District of Wyoming), and at least one for A___ (the Armed Forces). But to my knowledge, there has been only one for B___. Which is it? The answer is below.


UPDATE: Tense and state corrections made, with thanks to commenter (and former summer-camp-mate of mine) Ira Matetsky and to the infallible Pius XXX.

Michael Froomkin (mail) (www):
And it's the rare Article II court. But not quite unique, as there was a precedent....
12.21.2005 4:50pm
Ira B. Matetsky (mail):
But it's not true that there "is" a United States Court for Berlin. It certainly hasn't existed since the special international status of Berlin was terminated upon German reunification.
12.21.2005 4:54pm
Pius XXX:
um... Eugene.... There is no **Central** District of New York... We have S., E., W., and N. FYI.
12.21.2005 5:21pm
Dave Hardy (mail) (www):
One opinion in its history....

But you can bet the judges still griped about how hard their work was....
12.21.2005 5:28pm
Nor have they corrected this oversight in the 18th edition.
12.21.2005 6:17pm
Chico's Bail Bonds (mail):
This reminds me of a fascinating article in the Buffalo Law Review about the United States District Court for China, which was formed in the early 1900's. The court had subject matter jurisdiction similar to that of a state court. However, it's personal jurisdiction extended only to US or Philippino defendants. It heard appeals from consular courts throughout China and Korea. Its decisions were appealed directly to the Ninth Circuit. If you are interested in the workings of an unusual court, this artilce is recommended. The cite is 52 BFLR 923.
12.21.2005 6:58pm
Ira B. Matetsky (mail):
See also David J. Bederman, Article II Courts, 44 Mercer L. Rev. 825 (1993).

While we are on the subject of obscure former federal courts, here's a question that I have unsuccessfully sought an answer to for some time: From time to time, I have seen reference to a special federal Court of Private Land Claims that was created for the Southwest in the 1890's to deal with conflicting land claims arising from Spanish grants. I have never been able to find anything much about the status of this court, or what happened to it. Was this an ad hoc federal court, or an activity of an ordinary federal or territorial court, a special court on which existing judges served by designation (a la the surveillance court or division for appointing special counsels)? What happened to the judges when the court was (I presume) dissolved? Any information would be of interest.
12.21.2005 7:19pm
Chico's Bail Bonds (mail):
You can find the Court of Private Land Claim's organic statute on westlaw with the cite "51 Cong. Ch. 539."
12.21.2005 8:11pm
Anthony (mail):
There's a very brief history of the US District Court for China on the page A Brief History of Ninth Circuit Courts on the 9th Circuit's website.
12.22.2005 11:36am
Former Kerr Student:
Maybe I misunderstand the question, but there are many Bankruptcy courts, for which the Bluebook says the cite starts with "B"; e.g., Bankr. N.D. Cal. (Bluebook 18th Ed. p. 195). If the question was for "B" without any following lower case letters, Bankruptcy Appellate Panels seems to qualify, e.g., B.A.P. 1st Cir. (Id.).
12.22.2005 11:49am
Former Kerr Student:
While we're at it, there are also the Board of Immigration Appeals (B.I.A.), the Board of Contract Appeals (B.C.A.), the Board of Patent Appeals and Interferences (B.P.A.I.), and the Board of Tax Appeals (B.T.A.).
12.22.2005 11:56am
Former Kerr Student:
One more thing: I'm not sure that there is an "Armed Forces" court that qualifies as one for A___. The citation for the Court of Appeals for the Armed Forces is C.A.A.F. I don't think there is a general "Armed Fources" court; the C.A.A.F. hears appeals from Courts-Martial and the Courts of Criminal Appeal within each branch of the armed services.

Very sloppy work professor. If your only point was that there was once a federal court in Berlin, why not just say, "Hey, there was once a federal court in Berlin"?
12.22.2005 1:05pm
Eric Jablow (mail):
Another case came before Judge Stern while he presided over the US Court for Berlin; it was the reason he was dismissed from his post there. You'll need to read his book on the court, "Judgement in Berlin".
12.22.2005 9:02pm
SomeJarhead (mail):
The Bluebook is a kludge.
12.22.2005 10:15pm